what is dialysis and its types?

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Dialysis is a medical treatment that is used to remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood of individuals whose kidneys are no longer functioning properly. There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

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Hemodialysis is the most common form of dialysis and is typically performed in a dialysis center. It uses a machine that filters the blood through a semipermeable membrane, which removes waste products and excess fluids. The cleaned blood is then returned to the body through a vein. Hemodialysis typically takes about 3-4 hours and is typically performed three times a week.

Peritoneal dialysis is a form of dialysis that is performed at home. It uses the lining of the abdomen, called the peritoneum, as a natural filter. A sterile solution is introduced into the abdomen through a catheter, where it absorbs waste products and excess fluids. The solution is then drained out of the abdomen, along with the waste products and excess fluids. This process is typically repeated several times a day.

Both types of dialysis have advantages and disadvantages, and the best type of dialysis for a particular individual will depend on their individual situation.

Dialysis can help prolong the life of an individual with kidney failure, but it is not a cure. It is typically necessary for the rest of the individual’s life, unless a kidney transplant becomes possible. Additionally, dialysis can have some side effects, such as fatigue, muscle cramps, and anemia, and regular monitoring and management is necessary to minimize these effects.

Also, it is important to know that a healthy diet and fluid restriction is also crucial in dialysis treatment.

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