The oldest known programming language is generally considered to be the machine code. Machine code is the lowest-level programming language, consisting of binary digits (1s and 0s) that the computer’s central processing unit (CPU) can understand and execute directly. Machine code is not human-readable and requires a great deal of technical knowledge to create and edit.Thank you for reading this post, don't forget to subscribe!
Another early programming language is the assembly language. Assembly language is a low-level programming language that is used to program a computer’s processor directly. It uses mnemonics to represent the machine code instructions, making it more human-readable than machine code. Assembly language is still in use today, particularly in embedded systems and low-level programming tasks.
However, the first high-level programming languages, which are closer to human languages and easier for humans to read and write, appeared in the 1950s. FORTRAN, which stands for “FORmula TRANslation”, was the first high-level programming language and it was developed in the 1950s by IBM for scientific and engineering applications. It was followed by other languages such as LISP and COBOL.
It’s worth noting that the concept of programming languages has been evolving over time, and new languages have been created to meet new needs, taking advantage of new technologies, and addressing the limitations of the existing languages.